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Constructing of areas

girl looking at a magnifying glassBasics for all areas

Shelves – all shelves should be labeled with a photograph (picture) of the item that is to be stored in that place. Shelves should be used to define the areas and to not have visible running paths


The home area table can be labeled by shadowing the item to remain on the table when the area isn’t in use. To do this trace around the plate, cup and utensils that are to remain on the table (as if your setting a table for a meal) then tape or use contact paper to secure the picture on the table.

Shelves in the play refrigerator that are to store items such as: eggs, milk or juice can also be labeled by shadows or by a small picture taped on the shelf.

Animals that are to be stored standing on top of the block shelf can have one picture and word that says zoo animals or can be labeled individually.

Containers – all containers should be labeled with the same photograph (picture) of the item that is on the shelf, that is to be stored.

Cubbies – all the children should have space to store individual items.


Hooks to hang jackets
Cubbies to store art, change of clothes, and blankets
Cubbies should be reachable by the children without needing assistance
Label the cubbies with the childs photo, name or symbol


  • To keep areas organize and uncluttered
  • Keeps the area neat when not in use
  • Easy for clean up
  • To keep the children learning - classification, matching, putting materials away appropriately, etc.
  • To provide a print enrichment environment and to let the children learn words have meaning

Home Area

  • Rotate items according to the season, themes, and holidays.


    • Add Christmas pot holders in December
    • Add Fall centerpieces on the table during the Fall
  • Rotate dress up apparel according to the seasons.


    • Add mittens, scarves, hats and jackets during the winter
    • Add sunglasses, beach hats, swimsuits during the summer
  • The home area can be used as an interest area by adding items that are related to the theme.
  • Only allow four children to assess this area at one time, sometimes two or three children may be the maximum allowed depending on the size of the area.
  • The home area has a lot of equipment, so ideal will be to place it against a wall.

Block Area

  • Rotate items according to the theme, seasons, and holidays.


    • Add construction vehicles and workers for during the community helpers theme
    • Add small Christmas props during the holidays
  • The block area should be in a corner with two walls, out of the way of traffic to protect childrens structures from being knocked over.
  • Only four children should assess this area at a time
  • The block area can be used as a interest area by adding items related to the theme.
  • Provide theme related books


    • Books about building – how to build, what you need, etc.
  • The block area is one of the loudest areas and should be placed next to the home area.
  • This area should be placed on a carpeted area or have a rug.

Art Area

palm paint

  • The art area should have all the basic art supplies.


    • Paper, crayons, glue, markers, scissors, paint, etc.
  • Each item should have their own individual space.
  • Labeling should be done by shadowing or using photographs.
  • Collage materials should be available for open ended art.


    • Pom pom balls, pipe cleaners, tissue tubes, scrap paper, fabric pieces, etc.
    • Rotate materials monthly
  • This area should be placed on a hard floor and the shelf should define the area.


    • The shelf should be located close enough to the table to assess the materials.
  • Place this area close to a sink for easy clean up.
  • Up to six children can have assess to this area.

Book/Literacy area

  • The book area should have a face forward shelf to house the books


    • Books should be placed on the shelf face forward up and visual.
  • The area should be comfortable and cozy.


    • Large pillows, bean bags, etc.
  • Place the area on the opposite side of the classroom from the loud areas


    • Home, block, sensory and music area
  • The book area should be placed on a carpeted area.
  • Provide a variety of multicultural books , interest and previous experiences.
  • Rotate books according to theme, seasons and holidays.
  • A puppet stand and puppets can be added.
  • Only allow four children to assess this area at a time.

Literacy Area

  • The literacy area should have a small table.
  • Two children should assess this area at a time.
  • Provide writing utensils, paper, index cards.
  • Provide dry erase boards, markers, rulers, index cards, magnetic letters, word cards, note pads, alphabet games, etc.

Music Area

  • Provide a variety of multicultural musically instruments
  • Allow enough space to move to music
  • Provide a cd player and cd's
  • Rotate music according to theme and holidays
  • Add props


    • scarves, bean bags
  • Provide a small table and chairs with a listening center
  • Provide containers or baskets for storing items
  • Music area should be on a carpeted area
  • Allow up to six children to assess this area at a time
  • Place this area in the loud part of the classroom

Science Area

  • Science area should be placed close to the sink
  • Allow three children to use this area at one time
  • Place a small table with chairs in the area
  • Provide a shelf and containers for storing items
  • All materials should be labeled
  • The science area should be on a hard floor
  • Provide a variety of experimental materials


    • Provide magnets and items to see if they magnetize – paper clips, nail, coins, etc.

Sensory Area

  • Provide a variety of items


    • measuring cups, mixing containers, shovels, scoops, etc.
  • Provide a large container to store items when not in use
  • Add a small shelf to store items
  • Provide a container to store smocks
  • This area should be close to the sink
  • Place area on a hard floor
  • Add a sensory table
  • Allow four children to assess this area at one time

Math and Manipulative Area

  • Provide a shelf and individual containers to store items
  • This area can be your largest carpet that can be used for circle time
  • Add a table for table play
  • Provide a large variety of materials for the children to use


    • Eight to ten different containers of materials
  • Provide a puzzle rack to store puzzles.
  • Remove items from boxes and store in a containers
  • Allow six children to assess this area at a time

Computer Area

  • Provide a computer desk or small table
  • Have a variety of learning cd's
  • Make sure cd's are developmentally appropriate
  • Be sure to make the computer child friendly so they can work it by themselves
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